Curiosity-driven 3D Object Detection Without Labels
David Griffiths, Jan Boehm and Tobias Ritschel
In this paper we set out to solve the task of 6-DOF 3D object detection from 2D images, where the only supervision is a geometric representation of the objects we aim to find. In doing so, we remove the need for 6-DOF labels (i.e. position, orientation etc.), allowing our network to be trained on unlabelled images in a self-supervised manner. We achieve this through a neural network which learns an explicit scene parameterization which is subsequently passed into a differentiable renderer. We analyze why analysis-by-synthesis-like losses for supervision of 3D scene structure using differentiable rendering is not practical, as it almost always gets stuck in local minima of visual ambiguities. This can be overcome by a novel form of training: we use an additional network to steer the optimization itself to explore the entire parameter space i.e., to be curious, and hence, to resolve those ambiguities and find workable minima.